Wednesday, November 28, 2007

मैथिलीका कविकोकिल विद्यापति....(Maithili Poet Vidyapati)

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cfh ;Dk"0f{ ldlynf — ef/t / g]kfn b'a}lt/sf] d}lynLefifL If]q, cfkm\gf dxfg ;flxTosf/ sljsf]lsn ljBfkltk|lt >4f ;'dg r9fp“b} 5 . ljBfklt–:d[lt lbj; ca ldlynf~rndf sljsf]lsnsf] ;Demgfdf dfq l;ldt 5}g, o;n] d}lynL ;flxTosf] k'g?pTyfg tyf o;nfO{ If]qLo efiffsf] ?kdf ;Ddflgt u/fpg ;lqmo o; If]qsf] eflifs cfGbf]ngnfO{ phf{ k|bfg ug]{ d}lynLefifLx?sf]] Pstf lbj;sf] ?k lnO;s]sf] 5 . ef/tdf dfq} xf]Og g]kfndf klg d}lynL–cfGbf]ngsf] k|f/De ljBfklt :d[lt lbj; s} cfof]hgaf6 z'? ePsf] lyof] . g]kfndf :j= k+= ;'Gb/ emf zf:qL ;d]tsf cu|;/tfdf k|f/De ePsf] of]] cfof]hg cf/Dedf …Pp6} efiff–Pp6} e]if Úsf] k~rfotL dfgl;stflj?4 If]qLo efiffx?sf] cl:dtf / ;Ddfgsf] ;+3if{ tyf o;sf nflu nf]stGqsf] cfjZostf af]w u/fpg] nIolt/ s]lGb|t lyof] . To;sf/0fn] o:tf ;df/f]xx?dfly k~rfotsfndf k|zf;lgs x:tIf]k ul/GYof] / ;xefuLx? Y'flgGYo] . nf]stGqsf] k'gM:yfkgfkl5 ca of] d}lynLk|]dLx?sf] d}lynL cg'/fusf] 2f]ts / dw];sf] d}lynLefifL If]qdf /fHoaf6 eO/x]sf] eflifs e]befj lj?4sf] ;+3if{sf] ?k lnO;s]sf] 5 . d}lynLsf] k'g?Tyfgdf cToGt dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]Nb} cfPsf] of] ;df/f]x d}lynLk|lt d}lyn o'jfx?df r]tgf hufp“b} d}lynLnfO{ klxn} em}+ o; e"–efudf k|ltli7t ug]{ sfo{nfO{ ;kmntfk"j{s cfufl8 a9fp“b} cfPsf] 5 . ldlynfsf x/]s dxŒjk"0f{ ;fd'bflos / lzIf0f ;+:yfx?df tyf nueu x/]s ufp“df Ps ;fy x'g] o;sf] cfof]hg o;sf] k|df0f xf] .
sljsf]lsn ljBfkltsf] hGd / d[To'sf] jf:tljs ltly osLg ug{ ;lsPsf] 5}g tyflk jxf“sf] sfn O{=;g\ !#%) b]lv !$%) dWosf] lyof] eGg] s'/fdf s'g} zÍf 5}g . /fhf lzjl;+xsf] /fHofleif]skl5 jxf“nfO{ !$)@ O{=df jxf“sf] cfkm\g} hGd :yfg la:kmL u|fd k|bfg ul/Psf], !$!*df jxf“n] >Ldb\efujt\sf] k|ltlnlk tof/ ug'{ ePsf] / /fhf lzjl;+xsf] d[To' -O{=!$)@_sf] #@ aif{kl5 ;Dd jxf“ lhljt /xg' ePsf] k|dfl0ft eO;s]sf] 5 . cfkm\gf s[lt tyf elgtfx?df jxf“n] ldlynfsf cf]Olgjf/ j+zLo /fhfx? b]jl;+xb]lv e}/jl;+x;Ddsf ;Dks{df /xg' ePsf] pNn]v ug'{ ePsf] 5 . o; afx]s jxf“ () aif{sf] pd]/df b]xTofu ug'{ ePsf] tYo ;d]t k|dfl0ft eO;s]sf] 5 . oLg} s'/fx?nfO{ cfwf/ dfgL jxf“sf] sfn ;g\ !#%) b]lv !$%) aLr /x]sf] s'/fdf ljåfgx? Psdt 5g . æljBfklts cfo'cj;fg≤ sflts wjn lqof]bzL hfgÆ eGg] jxf“sf] cfkm\g} elgtfsf] cfwf/df sflQ{s s[i0fkIfsf] lqof]bzLnfO{ d}lynLefifLx?n] ljBfklt :d[lt lbj;sf] ?kdf dgfp“b} cfPsf 5g\ .
lJfBfkltsf] ljlzi6 /rgf, jxf“sf] k|:t'ltsnf tyf ufogdf dfw'o{ / ;flxlTos cn+sf/dfly ;"Id ks8sf sf/0f ;j{k|yd lxGbLsf ljVoft ;dLIfs 8f= /fdj[If a]gLk'/Ln] ljBfkltnfO{ d}lynLsf] sljsf]lsnsf] ljz]if0f k|bfg u/L ;Ddfg ug'{ ePsf] lyof] . ljBfklt kbfjnLdf n]Vg' ePsf] e"ldsfdf jxf“n] ljBfkltnfO{ — … d}lynL /fsf /hgL s] /fs]z sljsf]lsn ljBfklt==== Ú egL ;Djf]lwt ug'{ ePsf] 5 .
ljBfkltn] cfkm\gf] ;Dk"0f{ hLjg ;flxTonfO{ g} clk{t ug'{ eof] . d[To'sf] clGtd If0f;Dd kbsf] /rgf ub}{ sfJo–wf/fnfO{ k|jflxt ul//xg' eof] . elgG5, cfkm\gf] hLjgsf] cGtsfn cfOk'u]sf] jxf“nfO{ cfefif eO;s]sf] lyof]] / jxf“n] cfkm}+ cfkm\gL 5f]/L, wd{kTgLnfO{ To;sf] hgfp lbO{ u+uf–nfesf nflu k|:yfg ug'{ ePsf] lyof] . cln k/} jflhtk'/;Dd k'Ubf jxf“sf] zlQm k"0f{tofM IfL0f eof] / jxf“ cfufl8 a9\g c;dy{ x'g' eof] . Tolt a]nf jxf“n] ug'{ ePsf] u+ufsf] jGbgf ljBfkltsf cd/ kbfjnLx? dWo] Ps x'g

a8≥ ;'v;f/ kfcf]n t'cf tL/] . 5f]8≥Ot lgs6 gog ax gL/] ..

elgG5, jxf“sf] elQmk""0f{ jGbgfkl5 uËfsf] wf/ g} ljBfklt;Dd 3'd]/ uof] / uËf–nfe ub}{] jxf“n] b]xTofu ug'{ eof] . jflhtk'/sf] Tof] :yfgdf clxn] ljBfklt gu/ /]Nj] :6]zg 5 . hLjgsf] clGtd If0f;Dd /rgfsf] k|df0fsf ;fy} o;n] jxf“sf] cWoflTds pRrtfnfO{ klg :ki6 ub{5 .
ljBfkltsf] n]vg, ljifo / efiffIf]q Jofks / ljzfn lyof] . jxf“sf /rgfx? ;+:s[t, k|fs[t, d}lynL / cax7\7df k|fKt ePsf 5g\ . d}lynLdf dfq} jxf“n] zlQm–cf/fwgf, grf/L, s[i0f–nLnf, k|0fo nufotsf ljifox?df xhf/eGbf a9L uLtx?sf /rgf ug'{ ePsf] 5 eg] cax7\7df b'O{j6f v08sfJo lslQ{ntf / lslQ{ktfsf tyf ;+:s[t–k|fs[t–d}lynLdf uf]/Ifljho / ;+:s[t–k|fs[tdf dl0fd~h/L gf6sx? pknAw 5g\ . ;+:s[tdf jxf“n] zf:qLo / Jojxf/f]kof]uL w]/} u|Gyx? n]Vg' ePsf] lyof] . tL dWo] lzIffk|b /f]rs syfx?sf] ;+sng k'?ifk/LIff tyf clen]vfÍg gd"gfsf ;fy} zf;gf]kof]uL kqfrf/x?sf] lnvgfjnL ljZjljVoft 5 . ljBfkltsf] ofqf ;flxTo e"kl/qmd0f, wd{zf:q / sd{sf08sf kf/Dkl/s u|Gyx? ljefu;f/, z}j;j{:j;f/, b'uf{elQm t/lËlg, bfgjfSofjnL, uËfjfSofjnL, uofkQns, aif{s[To, Aof8≥L elQmt/lËlg cflb cd/ s[ltx? 5g\ .
oL ;a} s[ltx?df Toltv]/sf] ;dosf] P]ltxfl;s ;"rgf / ;dsflng ;fdflhs lrq0f kfOG5 . lslQ{ntfnfO{ ljBfkltsf] klxnf] /rgf dflgG5 . Toltv]/ dlynfsf ljåfgx? ;+:s[tdf n]Vg] uy]{ . lslQ{ntfdf jxf“n] dft[efiffdf n]Vg] sf/0f / o;sf] dxŒj atfpg' ePsf] 5 — b]l;n acgf ;a hgld7\7f, t]“ t};g hDkcf] cjx6\7f . lslQ{ktfsfd] d}lynL efiffdf k|]d ;DaGwL sdgLo sljtfx? 5g\ . z}j;j{:j;f/df ejl;+xb]lv lJfZjf;b]jL;Ddsf sLlt{syf lj?bfjnL z}nLdf jl0f{t 5 . u+ufjfSofjnL / b'uf{elQmt/+lu0fL u+uf / zlQmsf] pkf;gfdf ljBfkltåf/f /lrt /rgfx?sf ;+u|x x'g\ .
ljBfkltsf lktf u0fklt 7fs'/ / dftf uf+uf] b]jL lyP . Toltv]/ ldlynfsf] /fhwfgL cf]OgL lyof] . cf]OgLdf /fhs'df/ lzjl;+x, lslt{l;+x tyf kb\dl;+x;+u jxf“sf] lzIff–bLIFf eof] . To;kl5 ;Lb/k'/df k|sf08 ljåfg xl/ld>sf] rf}kfl8df jxf“n] Gofozf:q tyf wd{zf:qsf] cWoog ug'{ eof] .
ljBfklt ;/;, ljgf]bL / rt'/ t lyP . cfkm\gf] ;Ddf]xs / pbfQ JolQmŒjsf sf/0f /fhf lzjl;+xn] jxf“nfO{ /fhkl08t agfP . ljBfkltsf >+uf/ uLtx?sf /rgf o;} cjlwdf eof] . lbNnlsf tTsflng ;'Ntfg Oa|flxd zfxnfO{ /fh:j ga'emfPsf] sf/0f /fhf lzjl;+xnfO{ ;'Ntfgn] aGbL agfP . ljBfkltn] cfkm\gf uLtx? ;'gfO{ ;'NtfgnfO[ d'Uw kf/L lxjl;+xnfO{ d'Qm u/fPsf lyP . !$)@ O{+= df hnfn'2Lgn] ldlynfdfly cfqmd0f u¥of] t/ pgL k/flht eP/ kmls{g' k¥of] . o; o'4df sljsf]lsnsf] e"ldsfaf6 k|efljt eO{ /fhf lzjl;+xn] To;sf] nuQ] ePsf] cfkm\gf] /fHofleif]ssf] cj;/df pgnfO{ cfkm\gf] hGd:ynL la:kmL u|fd bfg:j?k k|bfg ug'{ eof] .
#–$ jif{kl5 km]l/ Oa|flxd zfxn] ldlynfdfly cfqmd0f u/] . o; o'4df eg] /fhf lzjl;+x k/flht eP . ljBfkltn] /fgLx?;+u} agf}nLsf /fhf k'/flbTosf] z/0fdf hfg' k¥of] . ljBfkltsf nflu of] cjlw s7Lg / lg/fzfhgs lyof] . jxf“ uLtuf]ljGbsf /rgfsf/ hob]jsf] k|efjdf kg'{ eof] . hob]jnfO{ ljBfkltsf] k|/0ff>f]t dflgG5 . jxf“nfO{ clegj hob]j klg elgG5 . lgjf{;gsfndf jxf“sf /rgfx?df >+uf/sf] :yfgdf elQmsf wf/f k|jflxt x'g yfNof] . jxf“n] eujfg lzjz+s/sf nflu grf/Lsf /rgfdf cfkm"nfO{ ;dlk{t u/] .
ljBfklt lzj, zlQm / /fwf–s[i0fs pkf;s lyP . jxf“sf ;Dk"0f{ uLtx?nfO{ b'O{ uf]6 wf/fdf ljeflht ug{ ;lsG5 — >+uf/ / elQm . klxnf] wf/fdf /fwf–s[i0fsf cf/fwgfdf /lrPsf uLtx? K5{g\ eg] bf]>f] ef/fdf dxfb]a, b]jL / u+ufsf :t'ltx? . dxfb]ak|lt ;dlk{t /rgfx? grf/Lsf gfdn] ljVoft 5g\ . zlQmsf] :t'lt uf];fplg uLt ldlynfsf k|To]s kj{ jf s'g} z'e sfo{sf] cf/Desf cj;/df clgjfo{ ?kn] ufOG5 .
ljBfkltsf] lzjelQmsf] af/]df lsDjbGtL 5 ls eujfg z+s/ k|;Gg eP/ pugfsf] ?kdf jxf“sf] ;xof]uL eP/ jxf“;+u} a:g yfNg' eof] . Pslbg ljBfkltnfO{ Kof; nfUof] / jxf“n] pugfnfO{ kfgLsf] Joj:yf ug{ eGg' eof] . 6f9f–6f9f;Dd kfgLsf] st} s'g} >f]t lyPg . pugfn] ghLs} uO{ cfkm\gf] h6faf6 u+ufhn lgsfnL jxf“nfO{ lbP . ljBfklt u+ufhnsf] :jfb;+u kl/lrt x'g'xGYof] . jxf“n] pugf;+u cfkm\gf] kl/ro lbg s/ u/] . cGttM lzjn] cfkm\gf] kl/ro lbg} k¥of] t/ dxfb]jn] Pp6f zt{ /fv] / eg] of] /x:o g} /xf];\ . s;}n] yfxf kfpg] lalQSs} jxf“ cGtW{ofg x'g'x'g]5 . Pslbg ljBfkltsf] kTgLn] s'g} s'/fdf l/;fP/ pugfnfO{ xsf{g' eof] . ljBfkltsf] d'vaf6 — xf“===xf“ ;fIfft dxfb]jdfly ====Ú lgl:sLxfNof] / pugf tTsfn cGtW{ofg eP . To;kl5 ljBfklt ljlIfKt eP . jxf“sf] Toltv]/sf] dfgl;s l:ylt pugf /] df]/ stP u]nf“ ==== eGg] uLtdf k|:km'l6t ePsf] 5 .
ljBfklt >+uf/L slj lyP . lslt{ktfsfdf jxf“n] n]Vg'ePsf] 5 — /Tg+ r >+[uf/ /;f]/;gfd\ . ljBfkltsf &) k|ltzt uLtx? >[+ufl/s uLtx? 5g\ . ljBfklts uLtx?nfO{ dw'/dfuL{ j}i0fj efjn] x]bf{ cWofTd dfq} b]lvG5 t/ ltg} uLtx?nfO{ d}lyn kf/Dkl/s u[x:ysf] efjn] a'em\g vf]Hbf To;}df] >[+uf/sf p2fd nLnf dfq kfOG5 .
ljBfkltsf] sfJowf/fn] ;Dk"0f{ cfof{jt{nfO{ k|efljt u/]sf] lyof] . Tolt a]nf cf;fd, a+ufnaf6 Gofozf:q k9g ljBfyL{x? ldlynf cfp“Yo] . kmls{+bf ljBfkltsf uLt–;+uLt lnP/ hfGYo] . hubLz ld>, lji0f'k'/L, efg'bQ, uf]ljGb 7fs'/, uf]ljGb bf; o;sf pbfx/0f x'g\ . ljBfkltsf uLt ha dxfk|e' r}tGosf] sfgdf k¥of] jxf“ efjljef]/ x'g'eof] . a+ufn, cf;fd tyf p8L;f;Dd ljBfkltsf uLtx? r}tGo ;Dk|bfodf ;Ddflgt :yfg k|fKt u¥of] . j}i0fj sljx? jxf“sf] cg'z/0f ub}{ /rgf ug{ yfn] . o;} qmddf o:tf /rgfx?df :yfgLo efiffsf tŒjx? ;d]t ldl>t eP . kl/0ffd:j?k efiffsf] gof“ ?k pTkGg eof] h;nfO{ j|haf]nL elgG5 . sjLGb| /jLGb|gfy 7fs'/n] klg ljBfkltsf] cg'z/0f u/]sf] kfOG5 . efg'l;+xsf] gfdn] /lrt jxf“sf /rgfx? pbfx/0f:j?k lng ;lsG5 . ljBfklt;+u dxli{f c/ljGbf] klg k|efljt eP . 8f= ljgf]b laxf/L jdf{åf/f lnlvt Maharsi Sri Aurobindo on Vidyapati lgaGwdf o;sf] lj:t[t ljj/0f 5 . o;af6 ljBfklt cfkm\gf] o'usf] k|ltlglw dfq} xf]Og o'usf k|jT{fs ;d]t /x]sf] k|dfl0ft x'G5 .
ljBfkltsf Jojxf/ uLtx?n] ldlynfsf nf]s–Jojxf/uLtx?nfO{ ;flxlTos k|lti7f k|bfg u¥of] . jxf“sf Jojxf/ uLtsf cg'z/0fs k|lqmof clxn];Dd klg lg/Gt/tf kfPsf] 5 . ljBfklt gf/L Xbosf dd{1 lyP . gf/Ldf cGtlg{lxt efjgfsf] oyfy{ j0f{g uy]{ –

ljBfkltsf uLtx? u''0ff]Tsif{tfsf ;fy} ljifoljljwtfn] klg kl/k"0f{ 5g\ . elQm uLtx?df cf/fWo / cf/fwssf] ;DaGw k|ltkmlnt b]lvG5 tyf cf/fWosf] 5lj, nLnf, j/–ofrgf cflb d'Vo ljifo ag]sf 5g\ . >[Ëf/ uLtx?df joM;lGw, ?knfj0o, /fuf]bo, s]lnsft/tf, /l;stf, /ltkf6j, k/sLofs}tj, cle;f/, ldngsf] pNnf; , lj/xsf] j]bgf nufot g/–gf/Lsf of}g :fDaGw;+u ;DalGwtx? ;a} ljifox? cToGt ?lrs/ z}nLdf ;d]l6Psf 5g\ . Jofjxfl/s uLtx?df dfËlns, pkrf/, kfl/jfl/s xiff]{Nnf;, k|]d , jfT;No, z''sfdgf cflb lrlqt 5g\ . d}lynL ;flxTodf ljBfkltsf] :yfg O6nLsf bf“t] / a]nfotsf rf};/ h:tf] 5 .
dxfslj ljBfklt lgjf{;gsfndf k|frLg ldlynfs /fhwfgL ljb]xgu/L ;Dk|lt hgsk'/b]lv blIf0f /fhagf}nLdf a:g'ePsf] lyof] . sf7df08f}df ljBfkltsf kbfjnLsf] lt/x'tfIf/df tof/ ul/Psf] kf08'lnlk ljBdfg 5 . ;j{k|yd dxfdxf]kfWofo x/k|;fb e6\6frfo{ zf:qLnfO{ o;sf] hfgsf/L k|fKt ePsf] lyof] . jxf“ ljBfkltaf6 cToGt k|efljt lyP . jxf“n] n]Vg'ePsf] 5 — ljBfklts] cfd/f tLg d"lt{t] b]lvt] kfO . Ps d"lt{t] ltlg k08Lt ;+:s[t ;flxTo] v"a Jo'TkGg . lt/x't]/ /fhfb]/ ;ef;b\ Pj+ lxGb" ;dfh] k'gu{7g] s[t;+sNk . cf/ Ps d"lt{t] b]vL ltlg slj/ rIf] hut b]lvt] 5]g . cflb /;]/ kb lnlvt] 5]g Pj+ ;do]–;do] pR5jf;] ub\ub\ xf]Ot] 5]g . tf“xf/ cf/cf] Ps d"lt{ cf5] . ltlg Oltxf; lnlvlt] 5]g . tf“xf/ Oltxf;]/ gfd df]g] <>kl5 x/k|;fbhLn] g]kfn ;/sf/sf] :jLs[lt lnP/ ;f] kf08'lnlk gu]Gb|gfy u'KtnfO{ zf]w ug{ lbg' ePsf] lyof] . b/e+uf dxf/fh sfd]Zj/ l;+xn] To; ljk'n ;Dkbfsf] b'O6f k|ltlnlk tof/ u/] h; dWo] Pp6f k6gf sfn]hdf / csf]{ k6gf ljZjljBfnosf] k':tsfnodf ;'/lIft 5 .

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