Sunday, October 16, 2011

Indigenous, Madhesi, Dalit, Disable and Women in Nepal

Special Discussion Session for Existing and Potential Senior Government Officials of Nepal
“Status, upliftment efforts, problems, solutions and potentialities of   Indigenous, Madhesi, Dalit, Disable and Women in Nepal”
Presented By
Krishna H. Pushkar, Under Secretary
Government of Nepal
16th October, 2011

Organization of the Presentation
         Reviews and analysis of upliftment efforts
         Reviews of existing laws and policies
         Contemporary issues
         Problems, solutions and potentialities
         Potential questions
(Briefing and explanations content huge range of data and statistical analysis)

Terminological Introduction
Aadibasi (Antediluvian Residence), Janjati (Excluded from Hindu castisms’ classification), Madhesi (claimed antediluvian residence and has specific cast, mother tongue and culture), Dalit (previously discard untouchable and segregated groups of cast) Disable (Physically or mentally unable) and Women (Human female)
(Note: Some controversy is remained left in definition due to absence of proper legacy and legitimacy)
         Aadibasi Janjati :(AJ)Population: 37.2%,  No of AJ: 59, Representation in CA: Apx. 35%, below poverty line: 44%, Literacy: 48.8, HDI: 0.494, civil service-18% & culturally rich but remained deprived and poor.
         Madhesi: Population: 31.2%, No of Madhesi: 36, Representation in CA: Apx. 24%, below poverty line: 25%, Literacy: 48. HDI: 0.448, civil service-9%, culturally rich but remained distanced, deprived and poor.
         Dalit: Population: 13%, No of Dalit: 5+17=22, Representation in CA: Apx. 8.3%, below poverty line: 46%, Literacy: 33.8. HDI: 0.424, civil service-1%, culturally rich but remained deprived, marginalized exploited, away and poor.
         Disable: Population:  apx10%, rich capabilities, professionally competent but remained deprived, awaited, marginalized and poor.
         Women: Population: 50.3%, Representation in CA: Apx. 32.97%,. Landownership:10.5%,  Contribution in agriculture: 60.05%, civil service-13.05%, professionally, socially, and technically rich and prosperous but remained deprived, disadvantages, distanced and poor
(Precaution: Data may require updates and further verification due to its controversial nature)

Efforts for Upliftment
         Constitutional and Legislative Privileges and Provisions
         Legal, Plan, Policy and Budgetary Privileges and Provisions
         Executive, Economic and Administrative Immunities, Privileges and Provisions
         Political and Electoral Privileges and Provisions
         Institutional and Organizational Provisions
         Sectorial arrangements and targets
         Special and Focused Provisions (Social Security and Justice etc.)
         Contemporary Privileges and Provisions
         International and Diplomatic  Commitments and Mechanisms
Common Problems
         Exclusion: Economically, Socially, Educationally and Politically Excluded
         Crisis of Identity, Access, Representation, Participation, Recognition and Ownership
         Distanced from National Mainstream
          Ignored in Power Sharing
         Inequity in Development Dividends
         lack of inclusiveness in our economic growth
         Under Presence in Governance System
         Poverty and Weak (Crisis of Power, Choice and Voices)
         Disadvantaged and Segregated from Opportunities
         Deprived From Resources, Land Ownership & Opportunities
         Segregated from Rights and Privileges
         Crisis of Peace, Prosperity, Unity and Integrity
         Inter-intra Conflict, Mistrust  and Frustration
(Exceptions may occur)

Peculiar Problems
         AJ: Diversity, Cast disparity & Structured Social discrimination
         Madhesi: Ownership, identity, language, reintegration, socio-ethnic polarization, diversity, size, history, exploitation
          Dalit: untouchable, over exploited, segregated, powerless, marginalized, backward
          Disable: Physically  or mentally elusive but differently able,
         Women: Biological,  difficult customs and  social cognition,  religious, cultural and social limitations
         Inclusion and partnership in power sharing & public affairs
         Adherence into national unity, integrity & sovereignty
         Rational participation & proportional representation
         Justified share in developments dividend
         Opportunities for socioeconomic prosperity & transformation
          Productive development assistances and linkages with social entrepreneurship
         Pluralistic way of empowered life style system
         Assurances for rights, respects& enjoyable rule of law ( democracy)
         Honest acceptance and implementation of national & international commitments
         Quality and revised civic education
         Productive and Need Based Social Security
         Quality Public Services and People Centric Governance
         Human Security
Major Periodic Programs
         Inclusive Development Programs
         Targeted Programs
         Social Mobilization and Governance  Promotions Programs
         Participatory Planning System
         Capacity Building Programs
         Identity Establishment/Promotion
         Social Security
         Source: Three Year Plan( 2067-2070)
         Social Inclusion issues is in national priority
         Speedy Socioeconomic Development
         Democracy, Inclusiveness and Sustainable Development
         Poverty Alleviation and Blowing Human Development
         Sustainable Peace, Prosperity and Good Governance
         Social Cohesion/ Pluralism/Diversity Management
         Balanced Power Sharing and Proportional Representation
         Full Respect of Voices, Choices and Rights
         Strong National Unity, Integrity ( Nation State)
         Active geopolitical and diplomatic strength
         Human Security
         Social Justice
         Quality Public Governance
Thank you
          Discuss on Potential Questions and Relevance Answer Models
         List Some Reference Materials
         Be in Touch for Continuous Efforts

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