Sunday, December 16, 2007

Guerrilla’s Merger into Army? : Unfortunate!

Krishna Hari Pushkar
, Germany

In Nepal, there is ongoing blackjack discussion about the “Integration of Maoist Rebellion Guerrillas into Nepal Army” and most probably it will be amalgamated, this situation emerged due to State is under the control of Insurgents. I have personally criticised the model and way of peace accord since beginning because of its poor feasibility, now it’s hindering to go forward on agreed peace road map. State is compelled to make one after other frequent amendments as per Maoist will and strategy. I would say, “State lost dignity” in the case. However, I am not against the peace process, my concern is only technical part of peace process that drastically failed and now state anguishes with severe crisis.

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The Nepalese peace accord, UN strategy over Nepal and role of international communities has been by now proved substandard. The prime minister of Nepal has repeatedly realised the ongoing “Insurgents’ Supremacy Over State”, it is a solid consequences of his & his teamsters’ blunder. Although, the existing cabinet, un-legitimated interim parliament, irresponsible political parties, UN and also International community’s ill strategies are being positive to go for another suicidal action that is “Merger of Maoist Guerrilla into Nepal Army”. If such decision is taken blindly, it would prove a milestone towards the invitation of another military revolt. It’s my research based presumption that such step goes in straight direction of another armed civil war. It could register as a most historical black step as “Crime Against Nepal and Nepalese.”

Why Maoist Guerrilla should not merge into Nepal Army?

  1. The existing Maoist guerrillas neither meet any professional standard and norms of “State Military” nor possible after merger due to some professional decisive factor is that practised and legitimated in International arena under the concept and motto of “State Army.”
  2. Maoist Guerrillas are political arm extremist, biased, infected with farthest Maoism and responsible towards specific political ideology and its party.
  3. There might be similar questions emerged in the cases of another existing insurgent groups. There are more than two dozens of another arm rebellions group who have been also fighting against State in various part of Nepal. The nature and composition of other insurgents groups are also similar like Maoist guerrillas or would say majorities are the splinter groups of Maoist.
  4. The existing performances and activities of Maoist guerrillas are still rebellious; they are neither even trying to tend to normality nor believing in peaceful political democratic philosophy even after entering in the peace process under the supervision of UN.

How to solve the Problem?

However, State and international communities have the responsibility to manage the issues in effective and efficient way but of’ course it is a matter of serious discussion to identify the appropriate model to resolve the crisis and integrate the Maoist guerrillas into State organs. As it is a prime responsibility of a State to provide enough employment opportunity, mobilise and use of their available human resources as per their quality and expertise. By considering the point, State could arrange all possible approaches and means without affecting the national security structures as per international national defence structural practices.

Besides, I salute and well aware about some specific political qualities, influential public diplomacy, geo-social grass-root level idea-knowledge-command and other developmental commitment and efficiencies of Maoist guerrilla. Therefore, the integration of Maoist Insurgents into State organs could be also possible through the following model:

Model one:

To establish an independent infrastructure development brigade/company model under any suitable organs of State and recruit them by developing some specific ad-hoc norms. It is believed that the existing Maoist guerrilla have better ideas and knowledge about how to do manage better infrastructural development in remote mountainous part of Nepal. It could be possible to use them for developmental perspective of road, irrigation, hydropower, buildings, electricity, transportation and other forms of developmental activities.

Model two:

To establish independent security battalions to provide special private security to the industrial companies, private entrepreneurs, events, and other who seeks paid security service from State.

In my conclusion, I must mention that State should not be forced or compelled to take any decision that would become a cause and reason of another civil war in Nepal.

--Author is peace and conflict management researcher

I was fully aware about the ongoing consequences that agreed model can not be applied effectively and efficiently into practice. Finally, my remarks became true as it was rationale and based on factual researches and studies. However, my arguments were ignored and not responded with needy any assessment.


Anonymous said...

Army says no talks with Maoists on integration

Kantipur Report

KATHMANDU, Dec 17 - Nepal Army (NA) has clarified that none of its senior officials has held discussions with the Maoist leaders on the integration of their People’s Liberation Army with the national army.

Issuing a statement on Monday, the army’s Directorate of Public Relations has charged that repeated statements of the Maoist leaders could have been issued only to demoralise the army and to create division within its fold.

The army’s statement comes within a few hours after Chief of Army Staff General Rookmangad Katawal met with Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala, who also hold the defence portfolio. General Katawal had gone to meet PM Koirala a day after he returned home after a weeklong official visit to India.

Stating that remarks from the Maoist leaders on the army integration were unfounded, untrue and misleading, the NA has further stated that its attention has been seriously drawn to such remarks.

Posted on: 2007-12-17 08:13:30 (Server Time)

Anonymous said...

Integrate PLA combatants in police, APF: Ananta

Kantipur Report

KATHMANDU, Jan 5 - Deputy Commander of the Maoist PLA, Barsha Man Pun aka Ananata, said the Maoists were flexible on the issue of integrationg their combatants in the existing security forces like the army, police and armed police force.

He said the Maoists were positive even about creating new force like a border security force or industrial security force. "But the spirit of the agreement is integration in the national army," he said.

Pun also said the Maoists want a national security policy that determines the size of the nation's security forces.

"We know the nation cannot afford a huge security force and we also want to mobilize the maximum state resources for construction," the PLA's deputy commander said. "But a decision on downsizing the forces should be taken after serious discussion."

He was addressing a program organized by the Mahendra Narayan Nidhi Foundation in the capital.

Former minister and one of the negotiators during the peace talks Pradip Gyawali also said the armies should be integrated on the basis of a comprehensive national security plan.

"Professionalism, neutrality and national character of the army are matters that can never be compromised while integrating the Maoist combatants," he said. "That's why we have chosen a term-- Security Sector Reforms -- which calls for making the Maoist army professional and the Nepali army democratic."

Nepali Congress General Secretary Bimalendra Nidhi said all the parties have agreed to integrate the PLA in the national security forces, realizing that youths who have fought a war for ten years could be useful in future. "But we need debate on whether to integrate them in the existing forces or create new agencies," he added.

Manamohan Bhattarai, a Central Working Committee member of the NC, said however that integrating a politically indoctrinated force in a national army would be harmful.

Retired army general Chitra Bahadur Gurung suggested that the Maoist combatants should be brought under the purview of the Ministry for Peace and Reconstruction. "As the Nepali Army is under the Ministry of Defense, and the Armed Police Force, the Nepal Police and the National Investigation Department are under the Home Ministry, the verified Maoist combatants should be put under the peace ministry until the Constituent Assembly elections," he said.

Gurung said there was an urgent need to mainstream the security forces of both sides if the elections are to take place on time. "It is questionable whether the state should go for polls while two parallel armies are still in place," he said.

Gurung said the state already has security forces numbering 185,000 and adjusting another 20,000 would not be a hard task. "But it would definitely create a challenge," he said.

Posted on: 2008-01-04 21:49:48 (Server Time)

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