Sunday, September 2, 2007

Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf sfo{:ynx?df sfo{/t dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf] ;d:ofsf] klxrfg tyf ;d:of ;dfwfgsf pkfox? ;DaGwL cWoog k|ltj]bg

!= k[i7e"ld

b]zsf] 7"nf tyf demf}nf zx/ ahf/df Sofljg, 8fG; Pj+ bf]xf]/L /]i6'/]06 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf Joj;fox? b'|tultdf km:6fp+b} cfPsf 5g\ . o:tf Joj;fox?df sfo{:ynsf] jftfj/0f :jR5 / :j:Yo agfO{ Toxf‘ sfd ug]{ sfdbf/ hf] sf]xLn] klg cToGt dof{lbt / cfTd;Ddfgsf ;fy sfd ug{ ;Sg] jftfj/0fsf] >[hgf ug{ ;s]df o:tf Joj;fox? k|lt ;dfhdf ;sf/fTds ;Gb]z hfg] / /f]huf/L Pj+ cfly{s pkfh{gdf ;d]t ;'wf/ x'g]] b]lvG5 . o; ;Gbe{df o:tf Joj;fox?sf] sfo{:yndf :jR5 jftfj/0f >[hgf ug]{ k|d'v bfloTj Joj;fo ;+rfnssf] xf] eg] Joj;fo sfo{:yndf s'g} lsl;dsf] 8/ qf; Pj+ zf]if0f/lxt jftfj/0fdf cfTd;Ddfgsf ;fy sfd ug{ kfpg] xs k|To]s sfdbf/x?sf] xf] . o;}u/L sfo{:yndf sfdbf/x? dfly x'g] s'g} klg zf]if0f Pj+ lje]b lj?4 cfjZos sfg"gL ;+/If0f pknJw u/fpg] bfloTj /fHo kIfsf] xf] .


sf7df08f} pkTosf leq ljleGg :yfgx?df 5l/P/ ;+rfngdf /x]sf Sofljg, bf]xf]/L, 8fG; /]i6'/]06 tyf d;fh kfn{/x?sf] ;+Vof sl/j !@,)) /x]sf] cg'dfg 5 . o:tf Joj;fox?df sl/j %),))) sfdbf/x? ;+nUg 5g\ eg] o:df *) k|ltzt dlxnf sfdbf/ /x]sf] cg'dfg 5 . 7"nf] ;+Vofdf dlxnf sfdbf/ ;+nUg o:tf Joj;fodf dlxnf sfdbf/x?k|lt x'g]] zfl//Ls Pj+ dfgl;s zf]if0f / b'Jo{jxf/nfO{ lgoGq0f u/L sfo{:yndf sfo{/t dlxnfx?n] cfTd;Ddfgsf] ;fy sfd ug{ kfpg] xs clwsf/sf] ;+/If0f u/L / To:tf Joj;fonfO{ sfg"gåf/f lgodg u/L dof{lbt ?kdf ;+rfng ug{ u/fpg hglxt ;+/If0f d~rsf tkm{af6 ;Ddflgt ;jf]{Rr cbfntdf l/6 lgj]bg btf{ ePsf] lyof] . pQm l/6 lgj]bgdfly ldlt @)^#.*.$ df Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]06 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf sfo{:ynx?df sfo{/t dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf ;d:ofx? / ;dfwfgsf pkfosf jf/]df sfg"gL Pj+ Jojxfl/s kIfx?sf] cWoog u/L ;'emfj ;lxtsf] k|ltj]bg tof/ kf/L ;jf]{Rr cbfntdf k]z ug'{ elg ;Ddflgt ;jf]{Rr cbfntaf6 cfb]z ePsf] lyof] . pQm cfb]z sfof{Gjog ug]{ ;Gbe{df dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfnosf ;x–;lrjsf] ;+of]hsTjdf >d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno, u[x dGqfno, pBf]u jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfno, sfg"g tyf ;+;bLo Joj:yf dGqfno, 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u ljefu, >d tyf /f]huf/ k|j4{g ljefu, g]kfn k|x/Lsf] pkTosf ck/fw cg';Gwfg zfvf, hglxt ;+/If0f d~r, /fxt, cf]/]s, dfO{tL g]kfn, g]kfn /]i6'/]06 Joj;foL ;+3sf k|ltlglwx? ;b:o /x]sf] ;ldlt u7g u/L ;Ddflgt cbfntsf] cfb]zfg';f/ of] k|ltj]bg tof/ kfl/Psf] 5 .


@= cWoog If]q


Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf Joj;fox? ;+rfng x'g] sfo{:yndf sfo{/t dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf lgDg ;d:ofx? o; k|ltj]bgsf] cWoogIf]q /x]sf] lyof] .


  • sfo{:yndf ePsf÷b]lvPsf k|d'v ;d:ofx?sf] klxrfg

  • Joj;fo ;+rfngsf] nflu ePsf] sfg"gL Joj:yfsf] cWoog tyf lgodg ug]{ lgsfo, /

  • sfo{:yndf b]lvPsf ;d:ofx?sf] ;dfwfgsf pkfox?sf] klxrfg


#= cWoog ljlw


cWoog ;ldltn] ;do tyf >f]tsf] l;ldttfnfO{ Wofgdf /fvL lgDgfg';f/ ;+lIfKt cWoog ljlw cjnDag u/]sf] lyof] .


  • ljifout 5nkmn

  • ;Da4 sfg'gsf] cWoog

  • ljleGg ;fdflhs ;+:yfx?n] Joj;fo tyf sfo{:yndf b]lvPsf ;d:ofsf ;DaGwdf u/]sf] cWoog k|ltj]bgsf] cWoog


$= cWoog l;df


;jf]{Rr cbfntjf6 ePsf] cfb]zfg';f/ ul7t ;ldltn] agfPsf] kf‘r ;bl:oo pk;ldltsf kbflwsfl/x?n] cf–cfkm\gf] klbo lhDd]jf/Ldf Jo:ttfsf] jfjh'b klg lgDg l;df leq /xL k|:t't k|ltj\]bg tof/ kf/L d"n ;ldlt ;dIf k]z u/]sf] 5 .


  • ;dosf] l;ldttf

  • ;ldltsf ;b:osf] j]k'm;{bL÷Jo:ttf

  • cfly{s ;|f]tsf] cefj


%= cWoogsf] ;+lIfKt ljj/0f


hglxt ;+/If0f d~r, u}x| ;/sf/L ;fdflhs ;+:yfn] ;Ddflgt ;jf]{Rr cbfntdf k/dfb]zsf] nflu lbPsf] l/6 lgj]bgdf sfdbf/x?sf] zf]]if0f tyf lj]e]b cGTo u/L sfg"gL ;+/If0f k|bfg ug]{ bfloTj /fHo kIfsf] x'g] s'/fnfO{ cf}+Nofp+b} Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6 tyf d;fh kfn{/x?df sfo{/t dlxnf sfdbf/x? cfly{s, zfl//Ls -of}g zf]if0f_ tyf dfgl;s zf]if0fsf] cj:yfdf /x]/ sfd ug'{ k/]sf] tYox?nfO{ phfu/ u/L lgDgtYox? pNn]v u/]sf] b]lvG5 .


  • xfn Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6, d;fh kfn{/ h:tf sfo{:yndf dlxnf sfdbf/x?nfO{ clgl~5t of}g sfo{ Pj+ b]xJofkf/df nfUg afWo kfl/g] ul/Psf] .

  • sfo{:ynx? dlxnf a]rljvgstf{x?sf] nflu Kn]6kmd{sf] ?kdf x'g] ;Defjgf /x]sf]] .

  • sfdbf/x?nfO{ kfl/>lds Pj+ >d zf]if0f ug]{ u/]sf] .

  • sfo{:ynsf] ef}lts aftfj/0fsf] sf/0f sfdbf/x? c:j:Yos/ jftfj/0fdf sfd ug'{ kg]{ tyf ljleGg :jf:Yo ;DaGwL ;d:ofx?jf6 k|efljt x'g' k/]sf] .

  • o; Joj;fonfO{ lgodg ug{ g;s]sf sf/0f sfdbf/x?sf] sfd ;dfhdf dof{lbt x'g g;s]sf] .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/x?sf] sfo{ / sfo{bIftf eGbfklg pgLx?sf] pd]/, of}jg / of}g ;]jf slt lbg ;S5g\ eGg] cfwf/df kfl/>lds lgwf{/0f ug]{ u/]sf] .


;du| sfo{:ynsf] Joaxfl/s?kdf k|ToIf cWoog ug{ g;lsPtf klg ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfx? h'g o; If]qdf sfo{/t 5g pgLx?af6 b]ze/L /x]sf Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6 tyf d;fh kfn{/x?sf] k|ToIf cWoog ul/Psf] k|ltj]bgx?sf cfwf/df of] k|ltj]bg tof/ ul/Psf] 5 . sf7df08f}sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/Lsf] ;+of]hsTjdf @)^).$.@! ut] ul7t cg'udg ;ldltsf] cWoog k|ltj]bg, /fxt, dfOtL g]kfn, ;fyL nufotsf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx?n] u/]sf] cWoog k|ltj]bg cg';f/ o:tf sfo{:yndf lgDg cg';f/sf l:ylt /x]sf] b]lvG5 .


  • ;du| sfo{:ynsf sfdbf/sf] l:yltsf] d"Nof+sg

  • dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf ljlzi6 ;d:of /

  • ;d:of ;dfwfgsf pkfo


^= ;du| sfo{:yn / sfdbf/sf] l:yltsf] d"Nof+sgM


  • o; lsl;dsf sfo{:yndf sfdug]{ clwsf+z o'js o'jtLx? 5g\ . pkTosfdf dfq sl/j !@,)) Sofljg, bf]xf]/L ;f‘em, 8fG; /]i6'/]06 tyf d;fh kfn{/x? ;+rflnt ePsf 5g eg] h;df %) xhf/ eGbf al9 sfdbf/ / To;df klg *) k|ltzt dlxnf sfdbf/ /x]sf] cg'dfg 5 .

  • sfdbf/ o'jfo'jtLx? k|foMh;f] sd lzlIft, j]/f]huf/, blnt, 6'x'/f 6'x'/L tyf lj:yflkt ePsf] .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/x?df k|foMh;f] 3/]n' lx+;faf6 lk8Lt, ul/j kl/jf/sf dlxnf, åGbaf6 k|efljt dlxnf tyf Psn dlxnfx? sfo{/t ePsf] .

  • b]ze/L /x]sf Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6, bf]xf]/L ;f‘em, d;fhkfn{/ cflb Joj;fo u|fxsx?nfO{ ;]jf k'¥ofpg], :j:y dgf]/~+hg k|bfg ug]{ / cfo cfh{g ug]{ clek|fon] ;+rflnt 5g\ .

  • ;]jfu|fxL :jb]zLsf ;fy} ljb]zL b'a} /x]sf 5g\ .

  • o; Joj;fosf Joj;foL / sfdbf/x?n] uj{sf ;fy d of] Joj;fo jf k]zfdf 5' eGgdf lxrlsrfx6 x'g] u/]sf] kfO{of] .

  • o; lsl;dsf] sfo{:ynnfO{ sfg"g Pj+ Joj;foLåf/f lgodg gu/]sf] / dof{lbt k]zfsf] ?kdf x]g]{ jftfj/0f gjgfPsf] x'gfn] sfd ug]{ sfdbf/x?nfO{ klg ;Ddfg / dof{lbt b[li6sf]0faf6 x]g]{ gu/]sf] kfOof] .

  • sfo{:yndf sfd ug]{ / u/fpgsf] nflu Joj;foL, u|fxs Pj+ sfdbf/x?n] k'/f ug'{ kg]{ Go"gtd dfkb08 gePsf] x'gfn] k};f sdfpg] gfddf Joj;foLx?af6 sfdbf/x?nfO{ zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s Pj+ cfly{s zf]if0f ul/Psf] b]lvG5 .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/x?nfO{ clgR5's ?kdf u|fxsx?;+u of}g lqmofsnfksf nflu afWo agfpg] / u|fxsnfO{ dgf]/~hg lbg] gfddf dlxnfx? dgf]/~hgsf ;fwgsf ?kdf k|of]u x'g] / u/fpg] ul/Psf] kfOof] .

  • sfo{:yndf sfd ug]{ sfdbf/x?sf] /f]huf/L, kfl/>lds nufotsf ;'ljwf ;d]t lglZrt gePsf] sf/0fn] sfdbf/x?sf] l56f]l56f] km]/abn e}/xg] / kfl/>ldssf] ;'lglZrtf gePsf] sf/0fn] sfdbf/x? cfly{s zf]if0fdf kg]{] u/]sf] .

  • sfdbf/x?sf] sfd ug]{ ;dosf] lglZrttf gx'g] eO{ Joj;foLsf] OR5fg';f/ sfd ug{'kg]{ .

  • lgo"lQm kq gePsf] sf/0fn] s'g} klg ;dodf sfdaf6 lgsflng] 8/ qf;n] dlxnfx? cglR5t of}g ;Dks{ /fVg afWo x'g] u/]sf] .


^=!= Joj;fosf] sfg"gL x}l;ot


  • ;fdfGotof o:tf Joj;fo cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g cg';f/ 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u sfof{nodf /]i6'/f‘sf] ?kdf btf{ eO{ zt{ lakl/t Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]06 ;+rfng ug]{ ul/Psf] .

  • s]xL Joj;fo eg] :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g cg';f/ :yfgLo lgsfo;Fu O{hfht lnO{ ;+rfngdf /x]sf 5g .

  • s]xL Joj;fo ko{6g P]g cg';f/ /]i6'/f‘sf] ?kdf btf{ u/fO{ 8fG;,Sofljg ;+rfngdf /x]sf] b]lvG5 .

  • s]xL eg] sxL st} hfgsf/L g} gu/fO{ ;+rfngdf /x]sf] .


^=@= sfo{:ynsf] ef}lts cj:yf


  • clwsf+; Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6x?df u|fxs j:g] :yfg :j:y / :jR5 xfjf cfpg hfg g;Sg] / kof{Kt k|sfz l5g{ g;Sg] lsl;dsf ;fu'/f] 7fpFdf @ b]lv !% a6f ;Ddsf] ckf/bzL{ Sofljgdf ljeflht e} ;+rfngdf /x]sf5g\ .

  • :jf:YonfO{ xflgsf/sf aQLsf] k|of]u / 7"nf] 7"nf] cfjfhdf lut ahfP/ Wjlgsf k|b'if0f x'g] h:tf sfo{x? ul/g] u/]sf] .

  • clwsf+Zf lsrg elgPsf] 7fpF klg dfly pNn]v ul/P h:t} w'‘jf hfg] pko'Qm lgsf;sf] Joj:yf gePsf] / ;/;kmfO{df Wofg glbOPsf] .

  • /]i6'/]G6 elgP klg clwsf+zdf 8fOlgu+ xn ;d]t g/x]sf] cj:yf 5 .

  • d;fh kfn{/x?sf] sf]7fsf] ef}lts cj:yf eg] /]i6'/]G6sf] eGbf t'ngfTds ?kdf ;kmf /x]sf] .

  • sfdbf/ tyf ;]jfu|fxLsf] :jf:Yo tyf ;'/Iffsf] b[li6sf]0fjf6 sfo{:ynsf] s'g} dfkb08 ls6fg klg gePsf] / kfngf klg gePsf] .

  • :j:Yo vfgf / ;kmf kfgLsf] k|of]u gePsf] .

  • clZnn lrqx? 6fl;Psf] .

  • u|fxsx?n] sfdbf/x?nfO{ b'Jo{jxf/ ug'{ x'+b}g / u/]df b08lgo x'G5 eGg] s'/f pNn]lvt ;'rgfd"ns kf]:6/x? sfo{:ynx?df g6fl;Psf] .

  • clwsf+z :yfgdf /]i6'/]G6nfO{ pko"Qm ef}lts Joj:yf ;d]t gePsf] .

  • :jf:Yo ;/;kmfO{ / zf/Ll/s jrfpsf] b[li6sf]0fn] s]xL /]i6'/]G6x? hf]lvdk"0f{ ePsfn] sfdbf/ tyf sd{rf/Lx? / u|fxssf] ;d]t :jf:Yodf k|lts'n c;/ kg]{ b]lvPsf] .

  • sfo{:ynsf] >[ufF/ zfGt jftfj/0fdf geO{ e8\lsnf] / pQ]lht x'g] lsl;dn] ul/Psf] .


^=#= sfo{:ynsf] jftfj/0f


  • lbgdf eGbf /flt j9L rxn kxn tyf le8ef8df sfd ug'{ kg]{ .

  • sfo{ ug}{ :yfgsf] jftfj/0f e8lsnf] / of}g pQ]hgf km}nfpg] lsl;dn] >[ufFl/Psf] .

  • pRrWjgL, r'/f]6sf] w'Fjf / dfbs kbfy{sf] uGwljr ps';d's'; x'g] jftfj/0fdf sfd ug'{ kg]{ .

  • /]i6'/]G6df vfB kbfy{sf] gfddf dfbs k]okbfy{ / tof/L vfBkbfy{sf] a9L k|of]u ug]{ u/]sf] .

  • sfo{:ynsf] jt{dfg cj:yfdf s'g} klg ;dodf cfsl:ds ljklQ, b'w{6gf e} hgwgsf] Iflt x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgf klg j9L dfqfdf /x]sf] .

  • sfdbf/x?n] klg o:tf]] sfdnfO{ ;lhn} kfpg] /f]huf/Lsf] ?kdf lng] u/]sf] .

  • dfbs kbfy{ ;]jg u/L emu8f, xf]xNnf dRrfpg] / j/Lkl/sf] jftfj/0fdf g} gsf/fTds c;/ kfg]{ u/]sf] .

  • vf]Ng] / jGb ug]{ lglZrt ;do gePsf] .

  • /]i6'/]G6 vf]Ng] :yfgx? cfjf;Lo If]q df klg /x]sf] .


^=$= Dflxnf sfdbf/x?sf] l:ylt


  • sl/j !@ jif{ b]lv #) jif{ ljrsf dlxnfx? /f]huf/Ldf ;+nUg /x]sf] .

  • /flt cj]/ ;Dd sfd ug'{ kg]{ .

  • Joj:yfksjf6 u|fxsnfO l/emfpg] gfddf dlxnf sfdbf/nfO k|of]u ul/g] ckdfghgs, ceb| tyf clZnn zJbx? ;xg jfWo jf k|]l/t ul/g] u/]sf] .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/nfO u|fxs;+u Sofljgdf j;L vfglkg / dlb/f ;]jg ug{ 5'6 ePsf] / To:tf] sfo{ ug{ k|]l/t Pj+ afWo ;d]t ug]{ u/]sf] .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/nfO{ clglR5t of}g sfo{df nfUg jfWo kfl/Psf] / u|fxs Pj+ ;+rfnsaf6 x'g] df}lvs, zf/Ll/s Pj+ dfglzs b'Jo{jxf/ klg ;xg' kg]{ .

  • kfl/>lds jf Hofnfdf Ps?ktf gePsf] / ;dod} kfl/>lds gkfpg] .

  • /f]huf/Lsf] ;'/Iff gePsf] / yf]/} tnjdf w]/} ;do;Dd sfd ug'{ kg]{ .

  • sfdsf] bIftf eGbf pd]/, ;f}Gbo{ / u|fxsnfO{ l/emfPsf,] OR5fPsf] cfwf/df tnj kfpg] .

  • sfdbf/x?n] sfo{:yn kl/jt{g ug]{ pRr ultlzntf /x]sf] .

  • sfo{ cjlw ;'lglZrt gePsf] .

  • ljj;df k/]sf dlxnfx?nfO{ cg'lrt k|efj, nf]e, nfnr / bafjdf kf/L sfdsf] ;do eGbf aflx/ uO{ cg}lts Pj+ cdof{lbt / of}g;Dks{ ;d]t ug{ Joj;foL Pj+ u|fxsx?af6 afWo u/fpg] .

  • u|fxs Pj+ Joj;foLsf] b'Jo{jxf/af6 zf/Ll/s Pj+ dfgl;s rf]6 k'u]df cf}ifwL pkrf/sf] Joj:yf gul/lbg] .

  • /ftL l9nf;Dd sfd ePdf clgjfo{ ?kdf sfdbf/sf] 3/;Dd k'¥ofpg' kg]{ lgod gePsf] .

  • o:tf sfo{:yndf sfdug]{ dlxnf sfdbf/x? a]rljvgdf kg]{ a9L ;Defjgf /x]sf] / %@=% k|ltzt dlxnf sfdbf/x?nfO{ xªsª, b'aO{ tyf ;fpbL c/a nufotsf b]zx?df /fd|f] sfd vf]lhlbG5f} eg]/ r]lna]6L a]rljvgdf ;+nUg JolQmx?n] axsfpg] / kmsfpg] u/]sf] .


^=%= ;dGjosf] Joj:yf


  • Joj;fo btf{ ug]{, ;+rfng cg'dlt lbg], cfj4tf k|bfg ug]{ lgsfo ljr s'g} ;dGjo gePsf] .

  • Joj;fo tf]lsPsf] zt{ cg';f/ ;+rfng eP gePsf] ;DaGwdf lgoldt cg'udg lg/LIf0fsf] Joj:yf gePsf] .

  • sfdbf/x? k|rlnt >d P]g cg';f/ ;+/lIft eP gePsf] ;DaGwdf >d k|zf;g df}g /x]sf] .

  • ;d:of pTkGg x'bf ;fdfGotof k|x/L k|zf;gn] x:tIf]k ug'{kg]{ eP klg pko'Qm sfg"gsf] cefjdf ;fj{hlgs ck/fw h:tf ljifo jgfO{ sf/jfxL ug'{ kg]{ l:ylt /x]sf] .

  • obfsbf cg'udg ;ldlt jgL k6s] cg'udg x'g] u/]sf] t/ k|efjsf/L gePsf] .

  • Joj;foLx? ;+u7Lt e} k]zfnfO dof{lbt jgfpg tyf sfdbf/x?sf] ;]jf zt{df Ps?ktf Nofpg cfrf/;+lxtf jgfO sfof{Gjog ug]{ k|of;df /x]sf] .


&= k|d'v ;d:ofx? M


Dffly pNn]lvt l:yltn] lgDg jdf]lhdsf ;d:ofx? pTkGg ePsf] kfOPsf] 5 M–


  • Joj;fo btf{ ug'{ kg]{ sfg"gL bfloTjnfO{ clgjfo{?kdf sfof{Gjog ug{ g;Sbf btf{ ug]{ ;+:yfn] ljleGg k|sf/sf sfg"gL bfloTj k'/f ug'{ kg]{ / btf{ gx'g] ;+:yf ;f] jf6 pGd'lSt kfpg] cj:yfn] sfg"g ldRg] k|j[lt xfjL x'g'sf ;fy} sfg"g ljlxg jftfj/0f jGb} uPsf] .

  • Joj;fon] zt{ cg';f/ Jojxf/ u/] gu/]sf] lgoldt cg'udg ug{ g;Sbf sfg"g ldRg] k|j[lt j9\b} uPsf] .

  • sfdbf/x?sf] xs clwsf/ ;+/If0f ug]{ sfddf >d sfof{nox? k|efjsf/L ?kdf s[oflzn gePsf] / ;fy} cGo sfg"gL pkrf/sf] cefjn] ubf{ sfdbf/x?sf] ;'/lIft /f]huf/L ug{ kfpg] xs s'l07t x'g k'u]sf] .

  • sfo{:ynsf] c:j:ys/ jftfj/0fn] ;]jfu|fxL tyf sfdbf/sf] :jf:Yodf gsf/fTds k|efj k/]sf] / sltko sfdbf/n] :jf;k|:jf;, >j0f tyf cfFvf ;DaGwL ;d:of ef]Ug jfWo x'g' k/]sf] .

  • ljz]if u/L cfjf;Lo If]qdf /x]sf Joj;fojf6 x'g ;Sg] ;+efljt b'3{6gf, em}emu8f tyf pRr WjgLsf sf/0f ;f] j/Lk/L j:g] dflg;x?sf] zflGtk"j{s j:g / jf‘Rg kfpg] clwsf/ ;d]t s'l07t x'g k'u]sf] .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] u|fxs Pj+ dflnsx?nfO{ clgR5's Pj+ cgfjZos ;]jf k'¥ofpg' kg]{ afWotfn] pgLx?sf] dof{bfk'j{s Pj+ ;Ddflgt?kdf jf‘Rg kfpg], sfd ug{ kfpg] g};lu{s clwsf/ xgg\ x'g k'u]sf] .

  • sfo{:yndf x'g] jf ef]Ug' kg]{ cdof{lbt Jojxf/sf] sfg"gL pkrf/ tyf tTsfn ;'gjfOsf] Joj:yfsf] cefjn] ck/fwL b08 ;hfoaf6 pDsg ;Sg] k|jn ;+efjgf ePsf] .


&=!= ;d:ofsf k|d'v sf/0fx?


pNn]lvt ;d:ofx? lgDg sf/0fjf6 pTkGg ePsf] b]lvG5 M

  • Joj;fo btf{ ug]{ sfdsf] nflu k|rlnt jt{dfg sfg"gn] oL Joj;fosf] k|s[ltnfO ;d]6\g g;s]sf] / lglZrt lgod gePsf] .

  • Joj;foL Pj+ sfdbf/n] kfngf ug'{ kg]{ Go"gtd dfkb08sf] cefj .

  • k]zfsf] ljlzi6 k|s[lt cg';f/ /fli6«o Pj+ cGt/fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ ;DaGwL sfg"g cg';f/ sfdbf/sf] xs clwsf/;+/If0f ug]{ :ki6 sfg"gsf] cefj .

  • dlxnfk|ltsf] lkt[;QfTds k/Dk/fut b[li6sf]0f / Jojxf/ -dlxnfnfO{ dfq pkef]Uo j:t'sf] ?kdf k|of]u ug]{ dfgl;stf_ .

  • dlxnfx?k|lt lje]bo'Qm sfg"gL Joj:yf / k/+k/fut kfl/jfl/s Pj+ ;fdflhs ;+/rgf .

  • dlxnfx? lj?4 a9\b} cfPsf] 3/]n' lx++;f .

  • o;;+u ;DalGwt sfg"g sfof{Gjog ug]{ lgsfosf] lgis[otf .

  • lhDd]jf/L kG5fpg] k|s[lt .

  • lgoldt cg'udg tyf lg/LIf0f Joj:yfsf] cefj .

  • ul/Psf sf/jfxLsf] k|efjlxgtf / tby{jfbL Jojxf/ .

  • dlxnf lj?4sf] of}g b'Jo{jxf/sf] ;jfndf Joj;foL Pj+ u|fxsnfO{ eGbf lk8Ltk|lt sfg"gL sf/jfxL ug]{ k|j[tL cyjf u|fxs / Joj;foLx?sf] sfg"gL lhDd]jf/Lsf] cefj .

  • bf]ifLnfO{ sf/jfxL ug]{ lglZrt sfg"gL Joj:yfsf] cefj .

  • cg'lrt / cGofok"0f{tj/n] sfdaf6 lgsflnPsf dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] 5'§} ph'/L ug]{ lgsfosf] cefj .

  • Joj;foL ;+rfng ug{] lglZrt If]q gtf]lsPsf] / cfjfl;o If]qdf klg o:tf Joj;fo ;+rfngsf nflu cg'dtL lbg] u/]sf] .


*= ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu cWoog ;ldltsf] ;'emfj


Dffly pNn]lvt ;d:of / To;sf sf/0fx?nfO b[li6ut ubf{ lgDg lnlvt kIfx?df Wofg k'¥ofpg ;s]sf] v08df Joj;foL tyf sfdbf/n] cfkm'n] /f]h]sf] k]zf dof{bfk"j{s ckgfpg kfpg] clwsf/sf] ;+/If0f x'g;Sg] b]lvG5 .


  • dgf]/~hg jf ;]jf lbg] p2]Zo /fvL vf]lnPsf jf vf]lng ;Sg] o:t} jf o;} k|s[ltsf ljZj jhf/df k|rlnt dgf]/~hgk"0f{ Joj;fonfO{ ;d]6\g] u/L Joj;fo btf{ nufotsf ljifonfO{ ;Djf]wg ug]{ u/L 5'§} sfg"g agfpg' kg]{ .

o;/L sfg"g agfpFbf ;+ljwfgåf/f k|Tofe"t ul/Psf df}lns xsclwsf/, cGt/fli6«o dfgj clwsf/;+u ;DalGwt 3f]if0ffkq, ;lGw / dxf;lGwx?df Joj:yf ul/Psf k|fjwfgx?åf/f tf]lsPsf] dfkb08sf] cfwf/df To:tf sfo{:yndf sfo{/t dlxnf sfdbf/ nufot cGo sfdbf/sf] clwsf/ ljgf e]befj ;'lglZrt ul/g' kg]{ .

  • o; Joj;fodf sfd ug]{ sfdbf/sf] xslxt, bfloTj, ;fdflhs ;'/Iff / ljgf kfl/>ldssf] sfd, eQf, dlxnf sfdbf/sf] ljz]if cfjZostfsf] klxrfg / ;Daf]wg, zf]if0fsf] kl/efiff, :jf:Yo / cltl/Qm ;dosf] sfd tyf cGo ;]jf, ;'ljwf / ;f]sf] xgg\ ePdf pkrf/ k|fKt ug]{ k|lqmofnufot lgh sfdbf/ sd{rf/Lx?sf] lj:t[t JolQmut ljj/0f /fVg] sfg'gL Joj:yf ug{'kg]{ jf To:tf k|fjwfgx?nfO{ ;d]t sfg"g tyf lgodfjnLsf] Joj:yf ul/g'kg]{ jf >d P]gdf cfjZos ;+zf]wg u/L /fVg' kg]{ .

  • o;k|sf/sf Joj;fox?n] cfkm\gf] sf/f]jf/ ;+rfng ubf{ ckgfpg' kg]{ dfkb08 -sfo{ jftfj/0f, b'w{6gf ;'/Iff k|jGw, WjgL dfkb08, Joj;fo ;+rfng :yn, sfo{ ;do cflb_ tof/ kf/L sfof{lGjt ul/g' kg]{ .

  • Joj;foL, sfdbf/ tyf u|fxs ;d]tn] kfngf ug'{kg]{ cfrf/;+lxtf jgfO{ sfof{lGjt ul/g' kg]{ .

  • Joj;fo btf{ ubf{sf] zt{ k|s[of k'/f u/] gu/]sf], >d sfg"g cg';f/sf] Joj:yfsf] kfngf eP gePsf] / dfkb08sf] kfngf eP gePsf] lgoldt cg'udg ug]{ ;+/rgf lgdf0f{ tyf cg'udgjf/] lgoldt k|ltj]bg j'emfpg' kg]{ Joj:yf ul/g' kg]{ .

  • btf{ gu/fO{ jf lgod ljkl/t ;+rflnt Joj;fonfO{ tTsfn jGb u/L sfg"gL sf/jfxL ug{kg]{ .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/ u|fxs;+u j;L dlb/f nufotsf vfB Pj+ dfbs kbf{y ;]jgdf k|f]T;fxg ug]{, clgl~5t of}gsfo{df nfUg jfWo kfl/g] nufotsf cGo of}g zf]if0f x'g] ug]{ sfo{nfO ck/fwhGo sfo{ dfgL To:tf] l:ylt l;h{gf ug]{ u/fpg]nfO{ klg b08 ;hfosf] Joj:yf ug]{ / kLl8tnfO{ tTsfn ;'gjfO{ / Ifltk"lt{ pknAw u/fpg 5'§} sfg'gL ;+oGqsf] Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{ .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/x?sf] cj:yfnfO{ lgoldt ?kn] cg'udg ug{sf nflu ;DalGwt lgsfox?, dlxnf sfdbf/x?, /]i6'/]G6 Joj:ffoLx?, k|x/L ;d]tsf ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] k|ltlglwTj /xg] u/L Ps cg'udg ;+oGqsf] Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{ .

  • dlxnf sfdbf/x?nfO{ b]xJofkf/ jf of}ghGo sfo{df ;+nUg u/fpg] Joj;foLnfO{ s7f]/ b08 ;hfosf] hl/jfgf ug]{ sfg"gL Joj:yf ul/g' kb{5 / To:tf Joj;fox?sf] lg/Gt/ cg'udg, lg/LIf0f ug'{kg]{ .

  • o; Joj;fonfO{ sfg"gåf/f dof{lbt / ;Ddflgt jgfO{ ToxfF sfd ug]{ sfdbf/x?nfO{ cfTd;Ddfg k"j{s sfd ug{ ;Sg] jftfjf/0fsf] ;[hgf ug]{ .

  • sfdbf/x?sf] kl/rosf] nflu clgjfo{ kl/rokq / o'lgkmd{sf] Joj:yf u/L e8\lsnf] kf]zfsdf sfo{ u/fpgnfO{ lgif]w ug]{{ .

  • o:tf sfo{:yndf sfd ug]{ dlxnf sfdbf/x?dfly ePsf of}g b'Jo{jxf/sf] lj?4 ;lhnf] Pj+ ;xh ?kdf pknAw x'g] u/L ph'/L ;'Gg] 5'6\} ;ldlt÷lgsfosf] u7g ug'{ kg]{ . pQm lgsfodf dlxnf d'Vo JolQm /xg] u/L Joj:yf ug'{ kb{5 h;n] ubf{ lk8LtnfO{ ph'/L ug{ ;xh x'G5 .


k|:t't ;'emfjx? ljz]if u/L sfg"g lgdf0f{ ug]{ / sfo{fGjog ug]{ ;+oGqdf hgzlQmsf] Joj:yf ug]{ sfd Kf'/f ug{ s]xL ;do nfUg] EfPsf] xF'bf ;f] GfeP ;Ddsf] nflu tTsfnsf] nflu btf{ gu/L ;+rflnt ;+:yfx?nfO ;dofjwL tf]sL btf{ u/L;Sg] cj;/ k|bfg ug]{ / Joj;fo ;+rfngsf] nflu pBf]u k|zf;gn] ;j} kIf ;d]6L Joj;foLx?n] kfngf ug{'kg]{ dfkb08 pNn]lvt lgb]{lzsf hf/L ug]{ / lgoldt cg'udgsf] nflu gful/s ;dfh, k|x/L k|zf;g, Joj;foL ;3+, >d k|zf;g, sfdbf/ -dlxnf sfdbf/ clgjfo{_ / pBf]u k|zf;g ;d]t ;+nUg ePsf ;ldlt jgfO{ sfd ug{ pko'Qm 7flgPsf] 5 .


(= pk;+xf/


k|ljlwsf] ljsf; / kfZrfTo ;+:s[ltn] g]kfnL ;dfhdf ulx/f] k|efj kf/]sf sf/0f g]kfnL pkef]Qmf / Joj;fodf 7"nf] kl/jt{g b]vf k/]sf] 5 . g]kfndf 5f]6f] ;dodf g} b|'tultdf kmi6fPsf] Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6 tyf d;fh kfn{/x? To;sf HjnGt pbfx/0fx? x'g . lgZrog} o:tf Joj;fon] zx/L If]qdf 7"nf] ;+Vofdf o'jfx?nfO{ /f]huf/L pknJw u/fpg'sf ;fy} cfly{s Joj;fodf ;sf/fTds ;+s]t lbPtfklg o:tf Joj;fox?n] ;dfhdf clZnntf / pT>[|v+ntfnfO{ s]xL xb;Dd k|f]T;fxg ug{ ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] b]lvG5 . o:tf Joj;fonfO{ sfg"gåf/f lgodg u/L :jR5 / dof{lbt ?kdf ;+rfng ug{ / Tox‘f sfd ug]{ sfdbf/x? lj?4 x'g] s'g} klg lsl;dsf] zf]if0fnfO{ cGt ug'{ h?/L 5 . ljz]if u/L dlxnf sfdbf/x?dfyL x'g] cfly{s, dfgl;s Pj+ zfl//Ls zf]if0f -of}g zf]if0f_ nfO{ lgoGq0f u/L Toxf‘ sfd ug]{ sfdbf/x?sf] dof{lbt ?kdf cfTd;Ddfgsf ;fy sfd ug{ kfpg] xs clwsf/nfO{] ;'lglZrt ug'{ h?/L b]lvG5 .



Sofljg, 8fG; /]i6'/]G6 tyf d;fh kfn{/ h:tf sfo{:ynx?df sfo{/t dlxnf sfdbf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf] ;d:ofsf] klxrfg tyf ;d:of ;dfwfgsf pkfox? ;DaGwL cWoog k|ltj]bg

k|:t'tstf{ M


cWoog ;ldltM


>L dx]Gb| k|;fb >]i7 ;x;lrj, dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfno ;+of]hs

>L Ct'/fh e08f/L pk;lrj, dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfno ;b:o

>L z+s/ k|;fb sf]O/fnf pk;lrj, u[x dGqfno ;b:o

>L k|Hjn zdf{ cof{n pk;lrj, >d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno ;b:o

>L nLnf b]jL u8\tf}nf pk;lrj, sfg"g tyf ;+;bLo Joj:yf dGqfno ;b:o

>L uf]s'n k|;fb lwtfn k|=p=c=, 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u ljefu ;b:o

>L z/b clwsf/L k|fljlws lgb]{zs, >d tyf /f]huf/ k|j4{g ljefu ;b:o

>L k"hf l;+x k|=gf=p=, k|x/L k|wfg sfof{no ;b:o

>L /df kGt clwjQmf, hglxt ;+/If0f d~r ;b:o

>L 8f= dfwjL l;+x /fxt ;b:o

>L ljGb\f dxh{g cf]/]s ;b:o

>L ;fGTjgf b]jsf]6f dfO{tL g]kfn ;b:o

>L dgf]h s]= zL= g]kfn /]i6'/]06 Joj;foL ;+3 ;b:o

>L cfef >]i7 ÷>L v'dsfGt cfrfo{, zf=c=, dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfno b:o;lrj


cfof]hs

g]kfn ;/sf/

dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfno

l;+xb/af/, sf7df08f} .

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